Francisco Sobrino
Artistic currents

Francisco Sobrino was born in Guadalajara, Spain, in 1932. He studied at the Escuela de Arte y Oficios in Madrid from 1946 to 1949, then moved to Argentina, where he attended the National School of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires until 1957. In 1959 he settled in Paris, taking an interest in visual research and deepening studies on the structure and dynamics of forms, perception and colors. The works of this period are mainly black and white, characterized by systematic progressions of forms that generate optical effects. In 1960, together with Julio Le Parc, François Morellet and others, he founded the Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel (GRAV) which, active in Paris until 1968, summarizes the concept of the social function of art, conceived as a product no longer individual but collective. Since 1961 Sobrino has focused its research on three-dimensional constructions, using modular elements in transparent plexiglas, both monochrome and polychrome, whose regular structures, due to the overlapping of the parts, seem to change depending on the observer's point of view. In 1964 he exhibited at the Kassel Documenta, and the following year at the exhibition "The Responsive Eye" at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In this period he created for Sarcelles, France, a structure of considerable size, in stainless steel, which represents the first of his many urban interventions and carries out a research on light, focusing on the issues of reflection, absorption, transparency and optical games provoked by shadows. In the second half of the 1960s he created kinetic objects that the viewer manipulated and, despite the dissolution of the GRAV group in 1968, he continued his research on three-dimensional structures. Since 1971 he has received comissions from the cities of Grenoble, Madrid and Paris for the creation of sculptures to be installed in public places. In 1976 the artist studied how to incorporate solar energy into his work, arriving in 1981 to create a self-energy sculpture. Sober ,whose works are present in important museum institutions, such as the Tate Gallery in London and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, died in Paris in 2014.

Tags: Francisco Sobrino - Sobrino - GRAV - The responsive eye